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Catriona
sp. #1

 
Catriona sp. #1
Maximum size:  20 mm.

Identification:  This is a translucent-cream aeolid frosted with bluish white. The rhinophores are closely spaced with translucent-white tips and, sometimes, translucent-orange bases. The cerata have brown cores and bluish white tips with subapical orange rings. It differs from the similar appearing Anteaeolidiella cf. takanosimensis in lacking obvious cnidosacs in the tips of its cerata.

Natural history:  Catriona sp. #1 is a moderately rare aeolid. We've seen only four animals, all found in association with the introduced hydroid Pennaria disticha in silty Halimeda kanaloana beds at depths of 8-10 m (26-33 ft). However, it has also be found in tide pools (by Heidi Miller as reported on The Odyssey of Dai Mar site). In a dish, one animal showed a strong preference for resting on the hydroid and clung tenaciously to it. It was observed feeding on the stalks of the hydroid, though it ignored the polyps. Several pale pink, arc-shaped egg masses were attached to the base of the P. disticha colony when it was collected and the animal subsequently laid several comparable masses in a dish. The egg masses swelled during development and one hatched in about five days in the laboratory.

Distribution:  Big Island and Maui: also known from Guam, South Africa and French Polynesia.

Taxonomic notes:  First recorded in Hawaii from Maalaea Bay, Maui by CP on May 5, 2008.

Photo:  CP: 15 mm: Maalaea Bay, Maui; May 5, 2008.

Observations and comments:

Note 1:  ( )
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