young, 5 mm
Stylocheilus(?) sp. #1
|Maximum size: 22 mm.
is a small, translucent-cream sea hare frosted with white and brown
decorated with prominent blue and gold ocelli at all sizes. Although
superficially similar to Stylocheilus striatus, it can
be distinguished from that species by its more prominent blue and gold
ocelli, more elaborate papillae and brown flecks that are random rather
than arranged in lines.
Natural history: Stylocheilus(?) sp. #1 is a moderately common
species found in moderately protected to highly exposed rocky habitats
from < 1 to 11 m (< 3 to 36 ft). It may also be found in Halimeda kanaloana beds. It feeds
on cyanobacteria (blue-green algae). As in S. striatus, the blue and gold
ocelli may represent aposematic coloration "advertising" the presence
of toxins concentrated from its food. It lays a tangled, golden-brown
egg string that hatches in six to seven days in the laboratory.
Big Island, Maui, Oahu and Kauai: may be widely
distributed in the Indo-Pacific (pending further work to determine
whether the Hawaii population is the same as others in
Taxonomic notes: Carlo Cunha (pers. com.) suggested that this species may be a Stylocheilus rather than a Bursatella since the latter genus lacks a shell and the widely distributed Bursatella leachii is much larger. (Note 1) However, further work will be needed to confirm the genus. It was first recorded
in Hawaii from Maliko Bay, Maui by PF in Aug., 1992.
Photo: CP: 16
mm: Ulua Beach, Maui; April 2, 2005.
Observations and comments:
1: The largest of 90 animals from
was only 22 mm in length and the few animals seen in the field weren't
noticeably larger. Also, an 11 mm animal laid eggs while held. This contrasts with 150 to 200 mm for large Bursatella leachii.