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Kaloplocamus ramosus
(Cantraine, 1835)
 
Kaloplocamus ramosus
Maximum size:  about 18 mm.

Identification:  This is a yellow to burnt-orange animal variably flecked with white. A series of processes running around the notum have clusters of sharp-tipped branches on their ends (sometimes decorated with darker orange).

Natural history:  Kaloplocamus ramosus is a rare nocturnal species found in moderately to highly exposed rocky habitats and Halimeda kanaloana beds at depths of 5-12 m (17-39 ft). Scott Johnson reports it apparently feeding on a branching bryozoan. It lays an orange, spiral egg mass that hatches in about five days in the laboratory.

Distribution:  Big Island, Maui, Oahu, and Kure: may be widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific; introduced into the Mediterranean.

Taxonomic notes:  It was first recorded in Hawaii at Pupukea, Oahu by Scott Johnson on May 29, 1978. For current purposes, the name refers to the form illustrated in Gosliner, et. al. 2008.

Photo:  CP: 17 mm: Black Rock, Maui; Aug. 5, 2001.

Observations and comments:

Note 1:  ( )
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